Medical Oncology is a modality of treatment in cancer care which uses chemotherapy, targeted therapy, hormonal therapy and immunotherapy to treat cancer in an effective manner. Medical Oncology usually works in conjunction with surgical oncology and radiation oncology to give the best clinical outcomes. A medical oncologist is an Expert person who deals in this field.
Chemotherapy is a form of drug therapy meant to destroy rapidly growing cancer cells in the body. As cancer cells grows and divide faster than any other cells, Chemotherapy is usually used to treat it. We give Chemotherapy using both conventional and latest protocols that compare with the international standards of care.
Chemotherapy is often used in combination with other therapies, such as surgery, radiation, or hormone therapy. This depends on:
Also, it is important to note that Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment and works on the entire body.
Targeted Therapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs, but is different from traditional Chemotherapy. Targeted Therapy works by targeting cancer's specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival. These genes and proteins are found in cancer cells or in cells related to cancer growth, like blood vessel cells. Doctors often use targeted therapy with chemotherapy and other treatments, so as to get maximum results.
Immunotherapy, also called biologic therapy, is a type of cancer treatment that boosts the body's natural defense to fight cancer. It uses substances made by the body or in a laboratory to improve or restore immune system function. Immunotherapy works by helping the immune system work better at destroying cancer cells.
Hormone Therapy is a cancer treatment that slows or stops the growth of cancer that uses hormones to grow. Hormone Therapy is also known as Endocrine Therapy. It is a form of targeted treatment which target specific hormonal pathway
With the help of modern diagnostic tests like NGS and Mutation profiles, individualised treatment is planned.
Haematology is the science or study of blood, blood forming organs and blood diseases.