It is a term for the group of cancers that affect the digestive system. This includes cancers of the oesophagus, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, bowel (large intestine or colon and rectum), and anus. GI cancers do not discriminate between men and women. In India it is the third largest type of cancer found in men and fourth largest in women.
Thoracic malignancies includes cancer of esophagus, lung and mediastinum (all cancers within the rib cage).
These tumours might not cause any symptoms unless they are in a certain location or grow to a certain size. Small tumours might not cause any symptoms and may be found accidentally when the doctor is looking for some other problem. The symptoms relate to the organ affected and can include obstruction (leading to difficulty in swallowing or defecating), abnormal bleeding or other associated problems.
If you are suffering from Head and Neck cancer than in addition to a thorough physical examination, your physician also uses blood tests, imaging techniques such as x-rays and Magnetic resonance (MRI), OPG, CT Scan, PET scan, Endoscopy and biopsy to make an accurate diagnosis and develop the most appropriate treatment plan.
Successful treatment for Head and Neck cancer involves below mentioned treatments. To make an informed choice, ask about the pros and cons of each option, potential side effects, and how effective the treatment is likely to be.
In addition to tumor removal, other goals of successful treatment include restoration of swallowing, eating and speaking functions. Plastic surgery will be needed and speech therapy are sometimes required for cosmetic and functional reasons after surgical removal of Head and Neck tumors